Why investors remain bullish on India’s start-up outlook for 2022


A restaurant advertises the usage of the Paytm digital cost system in Mumbai, India, on Saturday, July 17, 2021.

Dhiraj Singh | Bloomberg | Getty Images

India’s expertise start-ups will proceed to draw capital from each non-public and public markets subsequent 12 months as they develop and mature, investors instructed CNBC.

There was a notable shift within the nation’s start-up setting in 2021, with a number of high-profile firms making their inventory market debuts. These embrace meals supply app Zomato, funds big Paytm and the parent company of online insurance aggregator Policybazaar. More start-ups are within the IPO pipeline, together with ride-hailing company Ola and Indian hotel chain Oyo.

Indian tech start-ups additionally raised a file quantity of capital from non-public fairness and enterprise capital corporations. Those investors pumped in $28.2 billion price of tech investments this 12 months throughout 779 offers, in keeping with data offered by Asia non-public fairness and enterprise capital intelligence supplier, AVCJ. That marked a 200% leap in capital in contrast with the $9.four billion invested final 12 months.

Rajan Anandan, managing director at Sequoia Capital India, instructed CNBC this month that the enterprise agency is “very bullish” on India’s expertise ecosystem and its capability to generate long-term worth for stakeholders.

“The success of firms in each home and worldwide exchanges has positively led to elevated curiosity from investors internationally,” Anandan mentioned. Sequoia Capital India noticed eight portfolio firms make their inventory market debuts in 2021, he added.

“It has validated the truth that massive firms will be constructed from this area — and create vital shareholder worth. And with a number of promising IPOs lined up for subsequent 12 months, we anticipate this development to proceed,” Anandan mentioned.

Investor urge for food for new tech IPOs

The reception of a few of India’s prime tech IPOs has various amongst investors. While Zomato shares made a stellar debut and are up round 5.44% from their first day of buying and selling on July 23, Paytm is down greater than 13% from its Nov. 18 debut.

Another digital funds firm, Mobikwik, delayed its IPO following Paytm’s disappointing begin. As such, there was rising scrutiny into fintech firms and their capability to generate income and finally earnings, native media stories mentioned.

Still, there’ll seemingly be urge for food for future IPOs, in keeping with Nikhil Kamath, co-founder of Indian brokerage platform Zerodha. The larger query, nevertheless, can be how these firms would fare in the long run, he instructed CNBC.

Kamath identified that lots of the tech start-ups, together with a few of people who have gone public, remain overvalued.

“Majority of those [companies] usually are not worthwhile they usually do not appear like they are going to be within the subsequent 4 or 5 years, so, it is a bit onerous to justify the valuation,” he mentioned.

When taking a look at a start-up, investors ought to separate the corporate’s valuation — which is decided by the general public market — and its fundamentals, in keeping with Sandeep Naik, head of India and Southeast Asia at world funding agency General Atlantic.

Speaking to CNBC’s “Street Signs Asia” earlier this month, Naik mentioned early-stage and growth-stage investors have made some huge cash in India over the past two years. That’s partly due to exits, he mentioned, which allowed them to pump further capital into India’s tech ecosystem and assist start-ups develop.

An exit occurs when a founder both sells their start-up to an even bigger firm or takes it public by an IPO.

Zomato meals supply companions in Kolkata, India.

Debarchan Chatterjee | NurPhoto | Getty Images

“The final 18 to 24 months, you might have seen the variety of IPOs which might be taking place, the businesses within the IPO pipeline, the best way firms have traded they usually have come out, which provides you an amazing validation that the worldwide capital markets are taking a look at our area as one of the crucial enticing areas to put money into progress,” Naik mentioned.

What’s subsequent?

While start-ups are anticipated to proceed attracting capital in 2022, the tempo of fundraising and progress might decelerate comparatively.

That’s as a result of there was numerous pent-up demand this 12 months round funding rounds that had been scheduled to occur in 2020, however had been postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic, in keeping with Amit Anand, founding accomplice at Jungle Ventures.

“If I take all of the fundraisings which have occurred this 12 months and possibly unfold that throughout 2020 and 2021, then the image appears totally different,” he instructed CNBC.

The image nonetheless exhibits India as a rising market, however factors to regular, longer-term year-on-year progress as an alternative of a one-off spike, Anand defined. For worldwide investors like Singapore-based Jungle Ventures, he mentioned India is a strategic market and bets are usually made for the long term.

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