Microsoft exec Panos Panay explains how the company keeps PC makers happy while also competing with them


Panos Panay, chief product officer of Microsoft Corp., shows the new Surface Laptop three pc throughout a Microsoft product occasion in New York, U.S., on Wednesday, Oct. 2, 2019. Microsoft unveiled a dual-screen, foldable cellphone that can run on Google’s Android working system, leaping again right into a promote it exited years in the past.

Mark Kauzlarich | Bloomberg | Getty Images

Microsoft chief product officer Panos Panay fills two typically contradictory roles for the company.

On one hand, he is been hyping Microsoft’s Surface PCs since Microsoft confirmed its first pill in 2012. But he is also responsible for the Windows consumer expertise. That means he has to persuade PC makers to ship and promote new variations of Windows, at the same time as Microsoft competes straight in opposition to them.

That twin function is on full show this week as Microsoft begins providing upgrades to Windows 11, its first new working system since 2015, while at the same time launching its newest Surface computers.

“I spend as a lot time with the OEMs as I do with Surface proper now,” Panay advised CNBC.

He declined to say whether or not Surface or Windows is extra necessary to him than the different, however Windows licenses nonetheless generate significantly extra income for Microsoft than Surface computer systems. Morgan Stanley estimated that Microsoft will generate $13.three billion in Windows OEM income and $6.5 billion in Surface income in the 2021 fiscal 12 months.

But the companions that license Windows have not all the time supported Microsoft’s strikes to step on their turf with its personal tablets and laptops. The CEO of Acer advised the Financial Times Microsoft ought to “assume twice” when it first launched its Surface pill in 2012. And Asus reportedly felt blindsided when Panay unveiled the Surface Book — which was extra like a conventional laptop computer pc — in 2015.

When Panay speaks at Microsoft occasions about the latest Surface computers, he virtually unnaturally enthusiastic and oddly particular about {hardware} parts. Now, he mentioned, he is excited — he likes to make use of the phrase “pumped” — about the variety of choices for shoppers and organizations, regardless of who builds the {hardware}.

“OEMs present alternative for patrons,” Panos mentioned of Microsoft’s companions. “Not simply alternative for alternative’s sake. What do you need to accomplish? You can decide a tool that fits you.”

‘A stage enjoying subject’

In 2016, Microsoft announced a partnership with Lenovo, the world’s largest vendor of PCs, in an effort to stop conflicts which may come up between the Surface enterprise and Windows.

“We got here to a quite simple method…we name it a stage enjoying subject,” mentioned Lenovo’s chief of worldwide strategic alliances, Christian Eigen, who has identified Panay for 15 years. “It means Microsoft doesn’t give, from an working system viewpoint, any characteristic completely to Surface.”

The CEOs of Microsoft and Lenovo talk 4 to 6 occasions per 12 months, and groups decrease down in the organizations speak 12 to 24 occasions per 12 months, Eigen defined.

Microsoft also improved its communications with companions round Windows 11.

“It was undoubtedly, by far, extra clear and open and form of cooperative growth,” Eigen mentioned. He joined Lenovo, the world’s high PC maker by unit shipments, in 2011 and was there for the releases of Windows Eight in 2012 and Windows 10 in 2015.

Steven Sinofsky, who supervised the releases of Windows 7 and Windows 8, had pushed for a distinct method to companion communication in 2018 when he said in a blog post any modifications in route could make the company look dangerous and trigger points for companions and prospects.

Steven Sinofsky, then president of the Windows group at Microsoft Corp., speaks throughout an occasion in New York, U.S., on Thursday, Oct. 25, 2012.

Scott Eells | Bloomberg | Getty Images

Panay has emphasised communication, together with with outsiders. As quickly as he took on the Windows function final 12 months, he started assembly with workers at chipmakers comparable to AMD and Intel, in addition to Lenovo, Samsung and different PC makers.

“My entire purpose is, ‘Hey, what do your prospects want?’ This is from an OEM model perspective,” Panay mentioned. “Same with Surface. ‘What do the Surface prospects want?’ Ultimately, they’re all Windows prospects.” He mentioned has has had enter on each Surface mannequin, together with the Surface Laptop Studio PC that went on sale this week.

Since Microsoft introduced Windows 11 particulars in June, individuals have debated the minimal {hardware} necessities the company is insisting on, together with a security chip.

Eigen mentioned the hurdles to improve aren’t too massive.

“I consider that Microsoft made the proper resolution to say, ‘Look, at a sure level we have to make progress with our working system,'” Eigen mentioned. He mentioned individuals purchase new smartphones each different 12 months however turned accustomed used to purchasing new PCs each six or seven years. The trade must do higher at motivating individuals to purchase new units, he mentioned.

An enormous launch throughout a worldwide chip scarcity

Lenovo Chairman and CEO Yang Yuanqing, heart, takes a selfie with Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella, left, and then-Intel CEO Brian Krzanich throughout the Lenovo Tech World occasion at China National Convention Center on May 28, 2015 in Beijing. Lenovo launched a collection of recent merchandise throughout the one-day occasion.

Visual China Group | Getty Images

Will Windows 11 drive upgrades?

The massive query is whether or not Windows 11 will do something for PC gross sales, or if the PC refresh cycle is usually influenced by broader financial and social components, no matter what Microsoft does with its working system.

Windows 11 features a redesigned Start menu, higher trackpad and touchscreen controls, buttons for arranging a number of applications on-screen and entry to Android apps. That is probably not sufficient to get individuals to ditch Windows 10 computer systems.

“I do not assume they are going to promote significantly nicely out of the gate,” Michael Cherry, senior analyst at Directions on Microsoft, mentioned of the new Windows 11 PCs. Early adopters may purchase them at first, however individuals will not all instantly have new computer systems operating Windows 10, due to the chip scarcity, Cherry mentioned.

The PC market loved a 13% year-over-year improve in unit shipments in 2020, the fastest growth in a decade, in response to estimates from market analysis company IDC. And lots of the computer systems individuals purchased final 12 months can improve to Windows 11 at no cost. The shopping for frenzy may not proceed for for much longer, at the same time as many individuals proceed distant work. While IDC forecasts 14% development for 2021, it sees shipments rising lower than 2% in 2022.

But Panos argued some Surface options are extra compelling to prospects now.

“‘Why do you place cameras and microphones in your Surface?’ I’d be requested that query,” Panay mentioned. “Can you think about attempting to ask that query right this moment?” Now cameras and microphones allow individuals to fulfill just about via their computer systems with coworkers, classmates and members of the family.

A brand new search for Windows counts for one thing, too. New Windows variations make a distinction in individuals’s willingness to spend their cash, Burd mentioned.

Eigen, at Lenovo, mentioned he is hoping Windows 11 will speed up the cycle of individuals changing PCs. Young individuals may need to graduate from simply proudly owning smartphones, while older individuals may need to improve as a result of the PC is less complicated to make use of with Windows 11, he mentioned.

Panay’s optimistic. He mentioned Windows 11 will find yourself being extra common than Windows 10, which exceeded 1.three billion month-to-month energetic units. He didn’t say when that may occur. Support for Windows 10 ends in October 2025.

“We’ve acquired to see what prospects assume,” Panay mentioned. “We’re super-inspired to pay attention.”

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